Introduction; Frugal Innovation and Development Research.

Author(s): Andre Leliveld & Peter Knorringa
Publication date: January 2018
Title: Frugal Innovation and Development Research
Cite this article as: Leliveld, A. & Knorringa, P. Eur J Dev Res (2018) 30: 1.
Keywords: frugal innovation, development, difital technologies, 4th Industrial Revolution, population dynamics, Bottom of the Pyramid, Global South

This article sets the scene for a special issue on why frugal innovations are increasingly important for development research. While the top-down business and management literature on frugal innovation has claimed developmental relevance, we give at least equal importance to much longer-standing bottom-up development studies discourses on grass-root innovation, bricolage, and livelihood strategies. We argue that we need both literatures for a better understanding of how frugal innovations relate to development. Accordingly, we position the articles in this special issue in the frugal innovation and development debate. Finally, we discuss the relevance of a frugal innovation lens in how two major global trends are impacting upon global development opportunities: the global diffusion of 3rd and 4th Industrial Revolution digital technologies and global population dynamics. We consider these two trends to be major entries for future research on frugal innovation and development.

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